Umbilical hernia

Umbilical hernia is the result of a failure of the umbilical ring to close*. This defect in the fascia can range from several millimeters to 5 cm or more in diameter.

Skin protrusion is not always indicative of the size of the defect*.

Umbilical hernias usually close spontaneously at around 3 to 4 years of age. Pressure dressings and other devices to keep the hernia reduced do not improve the closure process and may cause skin irritation*.

Surgical repair of umbilical hernia is reserved for defects that do not close spontaneously and is usually postponed until after 3 years old*.

Umbilical heriorrhaphy

Umbilical heriorrhaphy

Aschcraft´s Pediatric Surgery 6º Ed - George W. Holcomb, Patrick Murphy, Daniel J. Ostlie - ISBN: 978-1-4557-4333-9

* P Mattei. Fundamentals of Pediatric Surgery.
* GW Holcomb, J Patrick Murphy, DJ Ostlie. Aschcraft´s Pediatric Surgery 6º Ed.
* JM Hutson, M O’Brien, SW Beasley, WJ Teague, SK King. Jones’ Clinical Paediatric Surgery 7º Ed.